Apr 05, 2022
In Education Forum
Industrial society generated national frameworks for class conflict management and, in this context, the social contract was forged in the space of nation-states. Social rights were built under strongly centralized institutions. But during the last decades of the 20th century, the territorial scheme began to change substantially. The quasi-monopoly of the nation-state is transformed to the benefit of a complex institutional framework and the still open process of social restructuring in space breaks out. The simultaneous scenarios of Europeanization and decentralization implied a relevant change in the political geography of welfare: the old Keynesian Welfare State gave way to multi-scalar networks. Globalization has unleashed feelings of vulnerability and the States have tended to respond with exclusive borders and authoritarian withdrawals. In this framework, the cities have promoted the opening of the democratic gap. The municipalist alternative has been weaving: local governments as areas of collective empowerment and reconstruction of rights. A Whatsapp Mobile Number List with agendas connected to structural issues (inequalities, migration, human rights, climate change). Municipalism redraws – still in an incipient form – the geography of world governance: local governments become democratic political subjects facing global markets and state borders. Municipalism appears as a project to articulate community with reception. But the States weigh too much, both in the symbolic dimension and in the substantive one. Local governments are pressured by historical inertia: they are not at the center of the distribution of public resources or at the core of welfare and ecological transition regimes. That is why the municipalist logic poses a triple challenge of change: gain levels of political and fiscal autonomy, move towards horizontal multilevel governance (where scale does not imply hierarchy), and strengthen exchange and learning channels. There is, of course, a long way to go in all of this, but an ecosystem of international networks of cities ( cglu) is already beginning to be outlined., Eurocities, C40, Sharing Cities, Cities for Housing) with a vocation to face the challenges of the change of time from powerful, interconnected and non-subordinate agendas.